¿ Un sistema de supervisión escolar exitoso? Enseñanzas de la experiencia de Perú


With the Incheon Statement advising federal governments to designate in between 15– 20% of overall public expense to education, how can federal governments enhance the performance of their education systems?

Tracking activities can assist by supplying prompt and trusted information, while motivating everyday usage of information gathered. This holds true of Peru’s Semáforo Escuela (School Traffic signal), an ingenious school tracking system that integrates robust information collection with month-to-month information feedback regimens, and targets and rewards to engage regional authorities, while enhancing decision-making and responsibility. Developed in 2015 and motivated by the Prime Minister’s Shipment System in the UK and Punjab’s Education Roadmap, Semáforo Escuela addresses essential information spaces at the school level and is customized to the requirements of Peru’s decentralized education system, where the ministry of education collaborates with self-governing subnational federal governments. Minimal resources and extensively differing management abilities indicated that numerous subnational federal governments did not have the capability to successfully monitor and handle their schools. Secret details such as at trainee registration or instructor presence were either missing out on, undependable or just readily available occasionally. This altered with Semáforo Escuela. 3 components collaborate to enhance management practices: (1) month-to-month reports supply supervisors throughout all levels of federal government with pertinent, trusted and prompt information; (2) a structure of targets and rewards make indications significant to supervisors; and (3) details feedback is combined with targeted technical assistance from the Central Federal government to assist low-performing systems fulfill their targets. Each year Semáforo Escuela will check out more than 32,000 schools, gathering details from more than 250,000 instructors and over 4 million trainees. After its very first year of application, excellent development was attained to include proof into policy conversations and motivate city governments to lead enhancement actions. Among the outcomes was enhancing principal presence by 6.4 portion points from the standard, which equates to roughly 2,000 more principals at their schools at any provided day or enhancing instructor existence in class by 1.6 portion points, which equates to roughly 20 extra class hours taught by instructors..

What made Semáforo Escuela possible?

Semáforo Escuela releases roughly 3 hundred inspectors who make un-announced month-to-month sees to a randomized sample of roughly 5,000 schools, across the country. Inspectors utilize tablets with web connection to supply month-to-month photos on indications that concentrate on personnel and trainee presence, school management and the accessibility of structural inputs (i.e. books, facilities, water and sanitation, and so on). Information is generally gathered through observation, documents evaluation and interviews with the instructors and principal. The sample is representative at the 3 various levels of federal government (nationwide, subnational and school districts), by location (urban/rural), and school level (primary/secondary). To optimize the effect of follow-up evaluations, larger schools are gone to a minimum of two times a year, while others are gone to as soon as. By the end of a single year, information on more than 90% of the trainee population in public schools is gathered. Digital information collection makes Semáforo Escuela quick and adaptative. After each school see, information can be sent out in real-time through mobile web routers. This minimizes human mistakes in information processing and supplies more time for information cleansing and resolving errors. Study concerns can likewise be upgraded on-the-run and month-to-month photos make the system efficient in recording changes of the sign throughout the year. This supplies supervisors with important details that can assist to determine issues rapidly, comprehend seasonal patterns and iteratively check their own interventions. By developing information feedback regimens and establishing a structure of targets and rewards, Semáforo Escuela produces a need for information to notify everyday choices of supervisors..

The ideal information reaching the ideal individuals, at the correct time.

Month-to-month efficiency reports are offered to the Ministry of Education and to regional authorities at the local and school district levels. Reports are customized for each recipient and created to intuitively interact essential insights and welcome contrasts with nearby school districts, leading entertainers or the nationwide average. Utilizing colored charts and heat maps, receivers can intuitively comprehend efficiency information.

Targets and rewards make supervisors concentrate on proof.

After standard worths are gathered, targets are collectively concurred in between the Ministry of Education and its subnational federal governments. Efficiency is then connected to monetary rewards to drive habits of authorities. Non-financial rewards are likewise executed. Rewards promote healthy competitors in the system by producing awareness about what others are doing. Semáforo Escuela information is likewise openly readily available on the Ministry’s site to promote openness and civil society engagement. Semáforo Escuela was developed to not just determine service shipment however likewise to support their enhancement. A specialized “allowing group” was established in charge of directing authorities through the usage of keeping an eye on information and to support targeted subnational federal governments in the application of enhancement efforts. The allowing group promotes coordination in between the various levels of federal government and utilizes a hands-down technique to supply customized assistance to regional authorities. Aiming to record the system’s intrinsic development, the allowing group looked for “excellent practices” which were specified as easy, low-priced actions that enhance sign efficiency. To determine excellent practices, high carrying out school districts in difficult contexts were recognized and checked out to gather qualitative information on the procedures behind the sign to discover particular actions or techniques which might describe excellent efficiency. In a devoted area of the month-to-month reports, effective cases are showcased with a short however concrete description of the essential actions required to reveal effective stories and incentivize action..

Conclusion: All 3 components drive enhancements in the system.

Semáforo Escuela is presently in its 4th year of application and has actually combined as a trusted source of school information for supervisors throughout Peru’s Education system. Comprehending the advantages of tracking and actionable information, some school districts have actually utilized their own resources to execute a regional variation of Semáforo Escuela, that matches the details gathered by the central system: for instance, making extra follow-up sees to schools with bad efficiency, or going to schools in targeted locations which were excluded by the initial random sample. The system’s success can be described by its concentrate on information usage and the tight coupling of 3 primary components: (1) month-to-month reporting regimens; (2) a structure of targets and rewards; and (3) technical assistance offered, while promoting responsibility. The method which all parts of the system come together in each month-to-month cycle can be manufactured in the following diagram:.

Secret Takeaways.

3 primary components act together to move the attention of supervisors on keeping an eye on information and action.

Real-time tracking utilizing innovation makes the system responsive and versatile. Makes it possible for the system to determine notifies and take restorative steps rapidly.

Month-to-month information reporting enables the recognition of patterns with time. This can enhance preparation and the understanding of how sign efficiency is impacted.

Dependable school information enhances management practices by notifying prioritization of actions and enhancement strategies.

Targets and rewards combined with technical assistance from the main federal government motivate authorities to lead enhancement efforts.

The system’s vibrant month-to-month cycles promote intergovernmental coordination.

Ignacio Pezo added to the blog site. He and Juan Baron are members of the Management Capability and Service Shipment Thematic Group at the World Bank.